1938 - Atatürk died at five past nine in the morning on November 10 in Dolmabahce Palace (the entire nation comes to a halt to honor him at 9:05 every year). Weeping crowds of all ages came from near and far to Dolmabahce during a week of mourning to pay their last respects to Atatürk whose body rested in a coffin covered by a Turkish flag on November 16 to 18. On November 19 the coffin was taken in procession to Sarayburnu from where it was taken onto the battleship Yavuz so that it could be transported to Izmit. From this city on the Asian shore of the Sea of Marmara, Atatürk’s coffin was placed on a specially designated train which travelled at a slow speed throughout the country on its way to Ankara to enable mourners to pay their respects. Once the coffin arrived in Ankara on November 20, an official funeral was held on November 21. Dignitaries from many countries attended Atatürk’s state funeral, as the world paid tribute to Turkey’s great leader. The coffin was moved in a solemn procession by gun carriage from the Grand National Assembly to the Ethnographic Museum which had been selected as a temporary resting place until a mausoleum for Atatürk could be constructed.
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